Time Use Survey
   
  Gender Responsive Budgeting Initiative, Finance Division and Federal Bureau of Statistics (FBS) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in 2006 according to which FBS will carry out a Time Use Survey (TUS) on a national basis covering approximately 20,000 households. This is the first time that a survey of this kind is being conducted on a national level in Pakistan. The MoU was signed between National Project Director, GRBI/ Joint Secretary (EF-P), Finance Division and Deputy Director General, FBS.
  Why a Time Use Survey
  The Time Use Survey (TUS) is one of the tools of Gender Responsive Budgeting survey which is meant to reveal the macroeconomic implications of unpaid care work (such as caring for children and sick people and general housework) and to ensure that the government's budget and associated policies ensure that this work happens efficiently and effectively.
 
What to Expect from a Time Use Survey
detailed, nationally representative information about how men, women, girls and boys spend their time
information for policy makers and other stakeholders about the time taken to access both public and private education and health services in urban and rural areas
provide basis for the measurement of quality of life or general well-being
a differentiation between time spent on 'economic' work which is counted in gross domestic product (GDP), non-economic work (unpaid care work) such as housework and caring for children, ill and old people in the household and community, and non-productive activities such as sleeping and eating, socializing and learning.
the macroeconomic implications of unpaid care work and to ensure that the government's budget and associated policies ensure that this work happens efficiently and effectively
feedback as to what extent standard instruments such as the labor force survey are successfully capturing all forms of economic work.
valuation of unpaid care work, incorporation into macroeconomic models
 
Approach
  The Pakistan Time Use Survey is utilizing a diary-based approach, in which selected respondents are asked in a face-to-face interview as to what activities they performed in each half-hour of the preceding day (a 'yesterday' diary). The survey is being conducted in four 'tranches', one in each quarter, so as to allow for capturing of any variation in seasonal activity. Different sets of 5,000 households each will be sampled per quarter.
 
Time Frame
  The total duration of the survey as per MoU is eighteen (18) months which includes preparatory work, field work, analysis and report-writing. Since the survey has to cover all seasonal variations, therefore, the fieldwork would span over twelve months.

 
Update as of January 2007
  The work on the preparation stage of Time Use Survey (TUS) has been completed which includes:

TUS Questionnaire
Coding List and Index.
Category-wise Activities List
Training Manual for Field Enumerators/Supervisors.
Detailed Action Plan.
Sample List/Plan
Tabulation Plan

Pre-testing/pilot of the questionnaire was carried out at the field level to determine the quality and adequacy of the responses. Taking into account the gaps/shortfalls, the questionnaire was revised accordingly.

Thereafter, the training of enumerators along with field work started in December 2006.